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Use of the cable code words instead of spelling out the message in full reduced the cost of a cablegram, quite a money saver when cabling home from abroad. CYRUS FIELD Built 1924 by Chantiers et Ateliers de St. At the same time exclusive rights to operate a private landline between Punta Rassa and Lake City was also granted.

At Lake City the line linked with Western Union’s network.

During this time the cable engineer, 21-year-old Philip Crookes, who had written letters home to his family throughout the voyage, was taken ill with yellow fever and died at Havana on 22 September 1867.

Philip’s brother was William Crookes (later Sir William), the eminent scientist, and in memory of his brother he published a memorial book containing the text of all the letters.

As Anglo-American was to be wound up a new company, Transatlantic Cables Ltd., Bermuda, was set up as owners of the cable ship. In addition to the above cables Western Union also leased the one cable owned by the Direct United States Telegraph Company until 1920 when it was purchased the British GPO. This was laid in a large loop by CS Lord Kelvin with both ends coming ashore in Bermuda. A second loaded cable followed in 1926; this one of 3410 nm was laid between Sennen Cove, Cornwall, and New York by CS Colonia.

The test was successful and in 1924 Telcon were awarded a contract to manufacture and lay a loaded cable from New York to the Azores. In 1928 another loaded cable, this time using Telcon’s own "Mumetal" was laid between New York and Horta, Azores, by CS Colonia.

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One condition of the lease was that on termination Western Union were required to hand over a cable ship. To test the idea the Telegraph Construction and Maintenance Company (Telcon) were given an order to manufacture 120 nm of cable.

In 1890 another cable was laid over the same route with CS Faraday (1) carrying out the work, assisted by CS Rhiwderin. A second cable was laid in 1882 this time from Galveston to Coatzacoalcos and then to Vera Cruz.

In 1899 another cable was laid between Havana, Key West and Florida, this one landed at Miami Beach. The India Rubber Co manufactured the cable and used CS Dacia to lay it.

WESTERN UNION INTERNATIONAL INC In the early 1940’s Western Union had taken over the Postal Telegraph Company. One tank 17 ft 9 ins by 11 ft 6 ins was fitted along with a single bow sheave.

A condition of this was that Western Union disposed of its international operations. Cable could also be stored on a drum mounted vertically on the deck, this was used as a capstan when picking up cable. Gross tonnage 1288 Built as a smaller version of CS Lord Kelvin, and used for cable repair work. Gross tonnage Equipped with a diesel engine and sail this small vessel was chartered from Thomson Enterprises of Key West by Western Union for many years on cable repair duties. VENOSTA Built 1917 by Cochrane & Son Ltd., Selby Length 135.3 ft. Depth 15.9 ft Gross tonnage 316 Chartered from the National Fish Company and fitted out with cable gear to repair cables off Newfoundland during the period April to September 1921. Scrymser applied to the Florida State Legislature for the rights to land a cable at Punta Rassa; this was granted for a period of twenty years. Smith applied to the Cuban Government for similar cable landing rights in Cuba; this was granted for a period of forty years.

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